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The mouth of the terra cotta (or clay) drain pipe is about 7" in diameter. There's a ton of good info on youtube, such as. on Feb 09, 2010. Start by removing your toilet and breaking the outer flange portion off. If the sub floor around the flange is damaged then nothing is going to keep the toilet secure. Secure the flange by using a screwdriver and screws. Step 4- The Installation. The closet flange connects the waste pipe to the underside of your toilet bowl. When I first bought the place I replaced the toilet in the first year and noticed the flange bolts were not secure, and I just didn't know enough back then to understand it might be a bigger problem. A toilet flange connects the bottom of a toilet to the drainpipe in the floor of the bathroom. ... Each of these requires a different approach to replacing the toilet flange. Below the toilet, you’ll see the flange which should also be secured with bolts or similar hardware. Remove the rag from the drain so that you can install the new flange. Retrofit Floor Tile & Secure Toilet Flange - What Mortar to Use? 14 Tighten nuts on closet bolts. If the sub floor around the flange is damaged then nothing is going to keep the toilet secure. We started this website to answer some questions you have regarding your bathroom! It is usually made of cast iron in many older homes, so the metal is extremely brittle and can break or crack over time. It has a hub with a rubber sleeve that should be facing up. Or, you might have removed the toilet to lay new flooring during a bathroom remodel and notice that the toilet flange is cracked broken or seems loose. I didn't know if I had to build a box frame between joists to screw flange to and cut a hole in sub floor the size of the o.d. Secure the new flange to the subfloor with the provided hardware. Locate and mark the areas where you will drill. Screw the new flange to the floor using a screwdriver and the new screws that came in the product package. If you are installing into concrete and there are no holes already there for you to secure the flange with, use your hammer drill and carbide or diamond-tipped bit to drill the needed holes to secure the flange to the floor. Ask MetaFilter is a question and answer site that covers nearly any question on earth, where members help each other solve problems. When a toilet is leaking from the base, you may need to replace the toilet flange. Use the adjustable wrench if the nuts don’t loosen easily by hand. It has a hub with a rubber sleeve that should be facing up. and making sure everything still looks okay underneath, including the flange and wax seal. I. Several companies make toilet flange repair kits. A toilet flange is a component that holds your toilet to the floor. That doesn’t always provide a good enough bond to the floor, and it leaves a prominent caulk line. I can remember when I started my apprenticeship as a plumber every toilet pan was secured to the floor with a sand and cement mix (mortar). on Feb 09, 2010. How is a toilet flange secured to the floor? Then, place the flange over the stub-out and turn it until the slots for the bolts that secure the toilet are by the flange's side in relation to the wall that is behind the toilet. 16 Install bolt caps over the closet bolts. Save Share. Author: Jack Infantino (NY) This bathroom has a tile floor applied directly to the cement foundation slab. Several factors can determine how easy or difficult it is to repair or replace a toilet flange in an existing bathroom. Toilets should be caulked to the floor to prevent side-to-side movement that can break the wax seal (and to prevent splashes or overflows from puddling under the toilet and rotting the floor). But when I pulled up the toilet last night, the entire flange came up with it. It's essential that your toilet flange floor be level before you install your toilet. The flange and bolts under my upstairs toliet are not secure. Slide the toilet flange bolts into the new flange. Make sure that there are no spaces between the flange and the floor before screwing it into place. One you've secured the toilet to the flange by tightening the two toilet bolts, protect the wood floor with caulk. How to Anchor a Toilet Flange in a Tile Floor. A minor, somewhat surprising, but consequential detail in toilet installation - do NOT caulk between the floor and toilet. A lot depends on what's going around the toilet and why it's uneven. DIYers often set the toilet and then apply a tiny bead of caulk along the outside edge. You could pay someone $$$$$ to jack hammer out half of your basement floor and connec… Not only will you save money, but also you'll have the satisfaction of knowing that you repaired your toilet all by yourself. Properly installing your flange is an important task. No way to tell without looking. I expected that I would just need to change the wax ring and possibly add shims. The type of sub-floor is another consideration, especially if the toilet flange needs to be raised or lowered to fit properly. of the flange so the flange was flush or slightly below finished floor elevation . The new bolts will secure the flange against the bottom of the toilet. Important Things To Consider. https://homeguides.sfgate.com/fix-broken-toilet-flange-37255.html, https://www.homerepairtutor.com/toilet-flange-repair/, https://www.doityourself.com/stry/6-types-of-toilet-flanges-explained, https://www.mrrooter.com/greater-syracuse/about-us/blog/2016/july/everything-you-ever-wanted-to-know-about-home-dr/, How and Why to Use the Bluetooth on Your Electric Toothbrush. Is the PVC flange split from being tightened too much or something? Cast Iron pipe joints are usually lead soldered, which is relatively easy to deal with from above the floor. Caulking will trap the leak, directing it into the sub floor. Think of this flange as a strong metal or plastic ring. How much is it moving around? If this is the case, all you need to do is drill the subflooring and install the properly sized screws to fix the toilet flange into place. Position the Toilet Flange . Remove The Toilet Flange. You could try a rubber wax seal replacement, a flange repair kit, a flange widener. A bead of caulk is often placed around the base of the toilet to further seal the toilet to the floor. You are not logged in, either login or create an account to post comments. With the toilet flange properly anchored to the subfloor, you are ready to reset your toilet for what should be many more years of trouble-free service. Those brown spots above and below the drain pipe are the rusted remains of the closet bolts. Put the toilet on the flange. To avoid this, shim up the toilet using either plastic toilet shims – available at any hardware store – or a toilet base slab with the same shape as the base of the toilet. Measure the depth and width of the gluing edge of the bowl. Next, move your caulk gun to the inset depth you just measured and apply caulk directly to the floor, maintaining the inset depth as you follow the tape. Retrofit Floor Tile & Secure Toilet Flange - What Mortar to Use? Clean the underside of the toilet as well as the floor. The toilet flange fitting, usually made of plastic or sometimes cast iron, consists of a flat circular outer bolt rail attached to a hollow tubular insert that fits down into the toilet drain opening in the floor. Most of the repairs or replacements are well within the ability of most homeowners. This strikes me as probably not such a bad thing except that it's also far … I'm wondering if the concrete flooor will give enough support to the flange without additional bolts in this case. Pictures at that point would help with suggestions. There’s an easier way to … The holes to mount a typical flange line up with the lip of the clay pipe and it wouldn't hold the flange. The flange itself is attached to the floor with screws. You can also apply some mild detergent to make this task easier. If the rim is higher than the floor level, the flushing toilet won’t be a pleasant experience. The type of subflooring determines the method you should use to anchor your toilet flange correctly. However, you can always try to repair it first, which is a job that is much easier. The toilet should be secured to the floor flange with toilet hold down bolts. Luckily we have a downstairs toilet if I mess this up and need to wait for a professional in this covid era. Remove the toilet and turn it on its side. Toilet flange extender – if the existing flange is glued to the drainpipe; Bolts – buy some new toilet flange bolts so that they can be replaced with old ones in case they have been rusted or worn out. Re: securing toilet flange to floor; Author: Anonymous User OK, I checked the flange again, and at this particular moment it's held pretty securely by grout, as it must have been for the last 3 days. Clear or colored silicone caulk are both suitable to caulk the toilet to the floor. 4 Use adjustable wrench to disconnect the water-supply line from toilet tank. 11 Install new closet bolts into slots in closet flange. Remove the rag from the drain so that you can install the new flange. This makes the toilet unstable or prone to leakages. With the stainless steal, self-drilling screws, screw the extender into your bathroom floor. Here’s A Video On How To Install A Toilet Flange On Tile Floor: Out with The Old. Or half the floor could be missing. If you lay the flange down and the bottom portion hits the tile before the inside of the upper ring comes to rest on the floor, you need to break out some of the tile. Depending on what kind of flange it is, replacing it might be very easy. The focus at that moment is looking for how to secure the toilet to floor. Instead, they secure to a toilet flange. Look at the problem and think about several things. In many instances, the cast iron toilet flange is lead soldered to the cast iron drainpipe beneath it. Caulk will conceal evidence of leaking at the flange. Place it on the floor and tighten the bolts around it, the bolts stick out of the floor and attach with the toilet. When replacing a round toilet with an elongated toilet, you can purchase offset toilet flanges providing diagonal set openings that offer additional space to accommodate the bottom shape of an elongated toilet. In many cases, the suggestion is to consult a plumber. When the subfloor is concrete, as is often the case with basement bathrooms or other slab foundation situations, replacing the flange is no easy matter, since it can be quite hard to drill holes in concrete to secure the new flange. If you are lucky, the toilet flange may be in good shape and all it needs are a few screws to hold it securely to the subfloor before reinstalling your toilet. Then, place the flange over the stub-out and turn it until the slots for the bolts that secure the toilet are by the flange's side in relation to the wall that is behind the toilet. Your toilet flange should always be flush with your finished floor. Then put the holes on the base to insert into the screws standing on the flange. Loosen the bolts securing the toilet to the flange and the floor, and then remove them. A rocking toilet … The type of sub-floor is another consideration, especially if the toilet flange needs to be raised or lowered to fit properly. I intend to use a flange that can be glued inside the 4" PVC for the toilet. Install Toilet on Concrete With No Closet Flange: What do you do if you remove an old toilet and discover that the closet bolts are rusted out, there is no closet flange, and the waste line is made of terra cotta? When I was in a similar sounding position (improperly supported flange and uneven tile job), I used sanded tile grout with a layer of Saran Wrap on the toilet to keep it from sticking. Do you know what kind of flange it is or what kind of pipe the flange is going into? Once you lift the toilet off the flange, you’ll usually find that flange replacement is a manageable DIY project; however, you may decide it’s best to call a plumber in some circumstances. The last option when your flange is too high is to replace it. If everything looks good, drill pilot holes through the anchor holes in the flange and use wood screws to secure the toilet flange to the subfloor. If the bolt ring is damaged or, in the case of cast iron or steel toilet flanges, badly corroded, you may still be able to make a fix without having to replace the entire toilet flange. Two options present themselves. Cast Iron Pipe. Would a couple of carefully placed shims keep things generally immobile enough? If the toilet flange is at the proper height, use a hammer drill to create pilot holes for your concrete anchor bolts or screws. You can use a hammer and a chisel. Or maybe, you just want to make sure you use the right product when you do replace... We are Aram, Axel and Jesper - Three people who love style and hygiene. You might think your loose toilet bowl is held down to the floor by a couple bolts. Thank goodness for that!! Or half the floor could be missing. A rocking toilet can lead to leaks and all sorts of other problems. This strikes me as probably not such a bad thing except that it's also far from level, tipping to the left and slightly forward. If you are installing into a wood floor, screw the flange and/or flange spacer into the floor. Making the repair properly when you have the chance is always the best option to prevent bigger problems down the line. If no hardware was provided, use wood screws or cement screws, depending on your subfloor material. Ask MetaFilter is where thousands of life's little questions are answered. While buying the flange, do not forget to purchase a new wax seal to go with it. It stuck to the tile but that got ripped up eventually during the proper fix. While buying the flange, do not forget to purchase a new wax seal to go with it. These toilet flange repair kits are useful if the only damage to the toilet flange is a broken or rusted bolt ring. Most homes built in the last 50 years in the US have either cast iron or plastic drainpipes. The toilet flange, also known as a closet flange, is the part of the toilet that secures the unit to the floor which connects to the drain pipe. Place it on the floor and tighten the bolts around it, the bolts stick out of the floor and attach with the toilet. The challenge comes in the joints. Unfasten the two nuts on bolts that hold the toilet to the flange and floor. If the height of your flange needs to be adjusted, remove the bolts and flange so that repairs can be made and the flange height adjusted. Remove the bolts that secure the toilet to the flange and floor. There’s no need to use an adhesive when installing a gasket-sealed PVC flange. But when I pulled up the toilet last night, the entire flange came up with it. You don't mention how much it moves but if it's a lot, I would recommend pulling up the toilet (make sure to plug the sewer hole with a towel!) 17 Check to make sure toilet is tight to floor … The original toilet was mounted on a wooden box to raise it to an appropriate level for handicapped access. ... Bolts Snugly Secure. 15 Trim bolts with hacksaw. Clear or colored silicone caulk are both suitable to caulk the toilet to the floor. It’s an a Push Tite gasketed closet flange. Place the toilet flange face down on the concrete. This will only work if the issue is the flange being cracked, but the flooring underneath can still hold screws. The flange is secured to the floor with screws driven down through the outer bolt rail and into the subfloor. The bottom of the flange needs to be sitting flush with (or not more than 1/8" above) the finished floor or else the toilet will rock. This might be my weekend warrior project, getting to the root of the problem. If the height of your flange needs to be adjusted, remove the bolts and flange so that repairs can be made and the flange height adjusted. Use a sharpie and trace around the lower portion of the flange on the tile. The flange locks the toilet to the drainpipe, and it should flush at the same level as the floor. How do you secure a toilet flange to tile? The box rotted out and damaged the toilet. First thing to do is pop the toilet off and take a look. Secure them with washers and nuts. If the sub floor around the flange is damaged then nothing is going to keep the toilet secure. I left a couple 1” open spots at the front and back, so I'd know if it started leaking. Attach using your used or new screws and bolts. Push-Tite Toilet Flanges Click image for more info. Locate and mark the areas where you will drill. You are now done, and your flange should sit evenly on your bathroom floor. There are several things to consider before making the decision if this is a project you can tackle or if you need to hire a plumber. Thanks everyone, I've watched some youtubes and honestly it just scares me more. Don't pay expensive plumbers and home repair service fees when you can do it yourself. Most experts suggest that the easiest way to remove a cast iron flange that is leaded intothe drainpipe is to use a hammer and chisel and break the flange apart. Either one can be expensive and time-consuming. The toilet flange, also known as a closet flange, is the part of the toilet that secures the unit to the floor and connects to the drain pipe.Usually made of PVC, rubber or metal, this piece is circular in shape and usually secured in place with a few bolts. To adapt to new floor installation, extensions kits are also available that raise a toilet flange above the new floor. Leaks and foul odors are the usual results of a broken bolt ring. Dentists highly recommend using an electric toothbrush for daily use. Set your toilet flange into position on top of the tile with the back holes lined up parallel to the wall behind and the two slots parallel to the two walls on each side of the toilet. A toilet drain flange can sit above or below the finished floor level. Insert the concrete anchor in the hole and tighten the screw to expand the anchor. Let me add that this is in a tiled bathroom on a concrete slab. One you've secured the toilet to the flange by tightening the two toilet bolts, protect the wood floor with caulk. Press the toilet flange down into the drain opening, using the T-bolts as reference points for positioning. This takes some effort, and you must be careful not to damage the drainpipe itself. Install the wax ring and lower the toilet onto the flange. You could improvise something easily enough, but they make, I recently faced this issue. No matter what the problem or how severe, the goal is to keep things flowing properly. Lastly, insert your wax ring, set your toilet back on the flange, and bolt your toilet to the floor. It may be a better approach to try and find some sort of epoxy that you could use to secure the flange, which would secure the toilet without gluing the actual toilet itself. If you don't level this floor correctly, then it will cause your toilet to rock. We would place the toilet pan on the floor and mark out the foot print with a pencil and the remove it again, the next step would be to cut a hole in the floor under the pan for a key (this would create a lock between the pan and the floor). It might be as easy as the original plumber not screwing the flange down or one of the bolt slots being broken. This site is owned and operated by Jesper Lampi. You just don’t want to use anything that's flexible or liable to shrink. and making sure everything still looks okay underneath, including the flange and wax seal. If your home has a crawl space and you can access the drain pipe from under the floor, the easiest way to replace the flange is to cut the plastic drain pipe and install new pipe of the proper length and install the new toiler flange to the new drain pipe just like it was a new installation. The biggest challenge to replacing a toilet flange on cast iron pipe is often getting the broken toilet flange free. Make sure both bolts are at equal distances from the back wall, which will ensure that the toilet tank will be parallel to the wall. You’ll need to remove your old flange and the fitting from the pipe coming up from your bathroom floor to do this. All posts copyright their original authors. Here’s A Video On How To Install A Toilet Flange On Tile Floor: Out with The Old. It is a good idea to use a nut and washer to hold the closet bolts to the flange. The Flange Is Already In Place When You Lay Flooring 12 Press new wax gasket onto closet flange. Tilt up the toilet and push the new wax ring into place. 3 Sop up remaining water from tank and bowl with sponge or turkey baster. You can find metal flanges that sit on top of that that strengthen it, and then use little plastic wedges to shim up the toilet. at high speeds. Or half the floor could be missing. Toilet flanges are made of either PVC, copper, and iron. This is a new house (less than four years old), and the toilet has never really been tight. The keys to success are precise measurements (so that you purchase the right-sized replacement flange) and extra attention to ensure that the toilet sits flush on the floor at the end of the project. No way to tell without looking. If the damage to the toilet flange extends past the bolt ring or if the toilet flange is cracked on the inside, the toilet flange needs to be replaced. An alternative is to use special screws called a TAPCON that does not require an anchor sleeve but will screw directly into the pilot hole. Each of these requires a different approach to replacing the toilet flange. Pictures at that point would help with suggestions. Check for breaks in the tracks so you can fix it with a repair plate. You don't mention how much it moves but if it's a lot, I would recommend pulling up the toilet (make sure to plug the sewer hole with a towel!) How do you secure a toilet flange to tile? Repairing a toilet flange on a concrete floor is something that anyone can do with a little preparation and knowledge. Believe it or not, replacing the toilet flange on PVC drainpipe can be more of a challenge than a cast-iron drainpipe. Tips on Creating a Secure and Level Toilet Flange Floor Written by Doityourself Staff. Step 1: Place the Flange Place the toilet flange face down on the concrete. There are special bits for drilling concrete and a hammer drills with one of these bits will make short work of drilling the holes. Re: securing toilet flange to floor; Author: Anonymous User OK, I checked the flange again, and at this particular moment it's held pretty securely by grout, as it must have been for the last 3 days. 13 Set toilet back into place; press down to compress gasket. Once the old flange is removed, you have several options. I was able to make the flange solid, but the toilet rocked because the floor was not flat. If your flange is loose or deteriorating, it can leak and erode the surrounding flooring, causing significant damage over time. If you don't level this floor correctly, then it will cause your toilet to rock. Make sure you don’t crack the pipe or you may be in trouble. Your plumber will often have the tools and fittings to accomplish this fix much easier and cheaper than trying to acquire or rent specialized tools and locate the proper fittings to make the repair. If tightening the bolts on the toilet doesn't work, you may have a cracked flange underneath the toilet. 1 Turn off water to toilet by closing shut-off valve. The flange should be placed over the pipe so it lays flat against the concrete floor. Like I said, it's been this way for 20 years. It might be as easy as the original plumber not screwing the flange down or one of the bolt slots being broken. Tip the toilet on its side and install a new wax ring seal in the drain hole, then carefully set the toilet onto the drain hole, making sure the flange bolts come through the holes on the sides of the toilet. It's essential that your toilet flange floor be level before you install your toilet. A badly broken, cracked, or loose toilet flange calls for replacing the entire toilet flange. Without being fixed to the floor, you risk several problems later, such as. The stresses imparted can break off the bolt ring, which can prevent you from properly attaching the toilet to the flange. I plan on anchoring the flange with concrete screws (Tapcon). There's probably grout in tubes but it's how I did it. I expected that I would just need to change the wax ring and possibly add shims. These kits are easy to install and reinforce rusted or broken bolt rings to an almost new condition. I'm pretty handy except when it comes to things like plumbing and electrical where I know one small goof is a major screw up. Before you start, you should understand the anatomy of your toilet drain and determine what type of repair you may need or what style of flange is needed for the replacement. Press firmly all the way around the wax ring, but don’t deform it. More modern bathroom fixtures will have a toilet flange made from PVC, which can be easier to remove. If your house is on a concrete slab or the bathroom is in a basement, you have a completely different situation. There doesn’tseem to be any bolts holding the old toilet flange to the floor and it raises the question. The floor flange is a durable ring that fits over the drainage pipe, creating a solid foundation for the toilet. Apparently the builder did not fasten the flange to the floor. Measure the inner diameter of the sewer drain pipe or take a photograph using a camera phone so you can buy the exact flange in case you need to replace it. It might be as easy as the original plumber not screwing the flange down or one of the bolt slots being broken. I hacksawed the nubs so they were flush with the floor. At this point we don't know if the flooring installer just failed to reinstall the hold down bolts or if they loosen the floor flange from the concrete to run the laminate under the flange. No way to tell without looking. The floor is laid directly on the concrete. I changed the wax seal, tightened the screws, shimmed the toilet level and then piped in the grout into the gaps using a heavy plastic bag with the corner cut off. To keep your toilet anchored securely, always use a closet flange secured tightly to the floor. It shouldn't be moving. Set your toilet flange into position on top of the tile with the back holes lined up parallel to the wall behind and the two slots parallel to the two walls on each side of the toilet. Apparently the builder did not fasten the flange to the floor. I will be using plumbers Putty and cauke to additionally secure the toilet in place. A loose, unsecured toilet flange will often result in the flange itself being broken as it moves around in the opening in the subfloor. The two closet bolts that anchor the toilet base to the flange must be properly secured to the flange. How to Anchor a Toilet Flange in a Tile Floor. The box rotted out and damaged the toilet. I'm not a glue expert, but I'm not sure there are many options for temporarily gluing something as smooth and non-porous as porcelain - all the options I'm seeing with a quick google search seem very permanent. If this component is no longer able to perform either of these functions, it may need to be replaced. A loosed or broken toilet flange may seem like a small issue, but it can lead to much bigger and more expensive problems later if not addressed quickly. The answer is a definitive yes. First thing to do is pop the toilet off and take a look. Join 6,470 readers in helping fund MetaFilter. Simply push this down into the old closet flange and secure it to the wood subfloor with galvanized or stainless steel screws. Immediately the toilet lands on the flange, you have to push firmly down next to the back of the edge of the bowl to change the shape of … Align the flange and the tracks of the repair place and with screws that you have removed, secure the repair plate to the flange by driving them into the holes from where they were removed earlier. The toilet flange serves 2 significant purposes, which are to hold the toilet bowl to the bathroom floor and to provide a seal between the waste drain pipeline and the bottom of the toilet. If it does rock, use shims to prevent rocking - just tightening the bolts probably will not stop the rocking but will risk cracking the toilet or breaking the flange. The original toilet was mounted on a wooden box to raise it to an appropriate level for handicapped access. I have never understood why the US still uses wax seals on toilets when the rest of the world moved to synthetic rubber, Starting a business by inventing a new product. Option 3 is the easiest. When replacing a toilet, it's fairly common to discover that the existing toilet flange will not work for the new toilet. Pros usually prefer to apply the wax ring this way in order to guarantee a good seal around the toilet. Author: Jack Infantino (NY) This bathroom has a tile floor applied directly to the cement foundation slab. Due to its construction you can only use a toilet flange repair ring on PVC or ABS pipes. The flange bolts that fit up through the toilet's mounting holes are each held secure by a washer and nut, thus providing the toilet's connection to both the floor and the drain. The floor flange is secure to the floor with screws. I think you're right not to mess with the flange until you can afford to do a proper fix. Dry fit the toilet to make sure it doesn't rock. You can select the one which fits your needs. Remove the screws securing the toilet flange to the floor and pry the broken track with a screwdriver so you can slide the repair plate. My 147 pound ass can bump a non secured toilet from any bolts to any flange!! While this is true, you should know that the bolts don’t go directly to the floor. If you have ever replaced the toilet bowl bolts, you probably wondered why they had to be such a specific material. Toilets are attached to a metal or plastic collar known as a toilet floor flange. Below the toilet, you’ll see the flange which should also be secured with bolts or similar hardware. Using a paint scraper or a putty knife, try to remove some wax remaining in the flange.

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